Aix-en-Provence (French pronunciation: [ɛksɑ̃pʀovɑ̃s]; Provençal Occitan: Ais DE Provença in classical norm, or Ais DE Prouvènço in Mistralian norm, pronounced [ˈajz DE pʀuˈvɛⁿsɔ]),or just Aix (pronounced: [ɛks]; “Ex”, medieval Langue d’oc French Aics), may be a city-commune in southern France, some thirty kilometer (19 mi) north of Marseille. it’s within the region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, within the département of Bouches-du-Rhône, of that it’s a subprefecture. The population of Aix is or so 143,000. Its inhabitants square measure known as Aixois or, less normally, Aquisextains.
Aix (Aquae Sextiae) was based in 123 before Christ by the Roman diplomatist Sextius Calvinus, UN agency gave his name to its springs, following the destruction of the near Gallic oppidum at Entremont. In 102 before Christ its neighbourhood was the scene of the Battle of Aquae Sextiae once Romans underneath Roman Emperor Marius defeated the Cimbri and Teutones, with mass suicides among the captured girls, that passed into Roman legends of Germanic courage.
In the fourth century AD it became the metropolis of Narbonensis Secunda. it had been occupied by the Visigoths in 477. within the succeeding century, the city was repeatedly empty by the Franks and Lombards, and was occupied by the Saracens in 731 and by Charles Martel in 737. Aix, that throughout the center Ages was the capital of French region, didn’t reach its celestial point till when the twelfth century, when, underneath the homes of Aragon and Anjou, it became an inventive centre and seat of learning.
Aix passed to the crown of France with the remainder of French region in 1487, and in 1501 King of France established there the parliament of French region, that existed till 1789. within the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the city was the seat of the Intendance of French region.
Current archaeologic excavations within the Ville des Tours, a medieval suburban area of bird genus, have unearthed the remains of a roman amphitheatre.
Geography and climate:
Aix-en-Provence is set in a very plain dominating the Arc, a couple of mile from the correct bank of the stream. the town slopes gently from north to south and therefore the Montagne Sainte-Victoire will simply be seen to the east. Aix’s position within the south of France provides it a heat climate. it’s a median Gregorian calendar month temperature of five °C (41 °F) and a Gregorian calendar month average of twenty-two °C (72 °F). it’s a median of three hundred days of sunshine and solely ninety one days of rain. whereas it’s partly shielded from the boreas, bird genus will sometimes suffer from the cold blusterous conditions it brings.
In 2012, football game League is back within the city with bird genus football game League (Panthers).
Former world no 1 squash player Gregory Gaultier was born here