Egyptian Museum .. History .. Sections of the museum

Egyptian Museum

Egyptian Museum History

Egyptian Museum Overview

The most important museum collections


The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, known commonly as the Egyptian Museum, in Cairo, Egypt, is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities. It has 120,000 items, with a representative amount on display, the remainder in storerooms.

Egyptian Museum
Egyptian Museum

Egyptian Museum

The greatest collection of Egyptian antiquities is, without doubt, that of the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. It is a place of true discovery and, even after many visits, I continue to make new and delightful discoveries every time I venture into its many galleries.

To be sure, the museum can be daunting in the sheer numbers of its antiquities on show, but there is an order within its layout and it is a dream come true for anyone wanting to study Egyptian antiquities.

However, the negative side is that the environmental and display conditions leave a great deal to be desired. Labels on some exhibits date from early in the century and many items have no labels at all. Guidebooks are available at the museum, although they are limited to some of the major items.

Egyptian Museum History

The Egyptian Museum of Antiquities contains many important pieces of ancient Egyptian history. It houses the world’s largest collection of Pharaonic antiquities, and many treasures of King Tutankhamen. The Egyptian government established the museum, built in 1835 near the Ezbekeyah Garden. The museum soon moved to Boulaq in 1858 because the original building was getting to be too small to hold all of the artifacts. In 1855, shortly after the artifacts were moved, Duke Maximilian of Austria was given all of the artifacts. He hired a French architect to design and construct a new museum for the antiquities. The new building was to be constructed on the bank of the Nile River in Boulaq. In 1878, after the museum has been completed for some time, it suffered some irreversible damage; a flood of the Nile River caused the antiquities to be relocated to another museum, in Giza. The artifacts remained there until 1902 when they were moved, for the last time, to the current museum in Tahrir Square. During the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, the museum was broken into, and two mummies were reportedly destroyed.

Several artifacts were also shown to have been damaged

Egyptian Museum Overview
Egyptian Museum

Egyptian Museum Overview

The following information pertains to the state of the museum prior to the Egyptian Revolution of 2011. The museum’s Royal Mummy Room, containing 27 royal mummies from Pharaonic times, was closed on the orders of President Anwar Sadat in 1981. It was reopened, with a slightly curtailed display of New Kingdom kings and queens in 1985. Today, there are about 9 mummies displayed. One of them is the newly discovered mummy of Queen Hatshepsut

The most important museum collections

The museum is two floors devoted to the ground, including the effects of the heavy top has been allocated for the effects of light and complete sets (such as the Tutankhamun).

* The museum houses a huge number of Egyptian artifacts from prehistoric times to the end of the Pharaonic era in addition to some of the effects of Greek and Romanian, including:

1. A set of crockery (from prehistoric times).
2. Slaah Narmer (the era of unification).
3. Statue Khasekhem (family 2).
4. Statue of Djoser (family 3).
5. Statues of Cheops / Chephren / Menkaure (family 4).
6. Kaabr statue / statues of servants (family 5).
7. Dwarf Statue of SNP (family 6).
8. Statue of Mentuhotep Nebhepetre (family 11).
9. Statues of Amenemhat I / II / III (family 12).
10. Ka Statue of King Hor (family 13).
11. Statues of Hatshepsut / Tuthmosis III (family 18).
12. Group of Tutankhamun (family 18).
13. Treasures of Tanis group …. And so on.
14. A wide range of Almmyat Mokhtlav of the ages.

King Tut’s Golden Treasures, Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt

Sections of the museum

Effects were divided according to their importance or the amount provided Kalksm the sixth and seventh, while the arrangements the second and third and the fourth was on the basis of chronological order and takes into account the main effects included in the department and other key periods in another section, and is as follows

* Section I: The king, Tutankhamun is the outcome of the discovery of a cemetery and one for a period of time and one where the effects were more than 3500 pieces of antique gold in addition to the mummies.
* Section II: the old state, one of the prosperous periods in the history of ancient Egypt, a period and the period of building the pyramids of Khufu, a period, for which four families governor “of the third-sixth.”
* Section III: Central State.
* Section IV: the modern state the period of the great empire of Ramses II and Tutankhamun and Akhenaten and Merneptah and Tuthmosis
* Section V of the family “21 to 30” no access to the entry of Alexander the Great to Egypt.
* Section VI: Department of papyrus and the currency, which were collected in each papyri.
* Part VII: Section “scarabs.”


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