Treasures from King Tut’s Tomb, a clip from “King Tut, Ramses and Me”, a free Intrepid Berkeley Explorer video of time travel in Egypt; featuring the Pyramids of Giza, a talking Sphinx, King Tut, the temples of Luxor (Thebes), Ramses II’s Abu Simbel Temple, sailing on the Nile, Cairo mosques, and much more. To enjoy all of this film, plus over 30 more free, non-commercial, streaming travel videos from every continent, and still pictures
Mummification King Tut
Like most royal and wealthy citizens in ancient Egyptian times, King Tut was mummified – this was believed essential for the spiritual essence of the person to continue into the afterlife. Mummification was an elaborate process that took at least 70 days.
Tutankhamun’s mummy has never left the Valley of the Kings and remains in the tomb today, where it is protected by climate-control.
This material is adapted from text written by Dr. Zahi Hawass in his book
Tutankhamun and the Golden Age of the Pharaohs (National Geographic Books 2005)
The body was laid in a bed of natron, a combination of salt and baking soda that naturally occurs in Egypt, to dry out the flesh. This material was also stuffed
into the body cavity.
Resins were then applied to soften
the leathery skin.
The brain was removed through the nostrils with a long metal hook.
The heart was left in place or removed, dried out, and put back into the chest cavity.
The lungs, liver, stomach, and intestines were removed through an incision in the left side of the body. Each was carefully dried in salts, anointed with oils, and then wrapped. These were put into a solid gold miniature coffin which in turn was placed in a stone chest covered in protective spells.
|King Tut’s Golden|
The name King Tut has instant recognition in today’s world, however, prior to the discovery of his tomb in 1922 people were unfamiliar with this pharaoh. In fact, his name had been omitted from all of the lists of rulers the ancient Egyptians compiled.
King Tut was born 1341 BC during the Amarna Age, a time when the pharaoh Akhenaten, his probable father, had introduced quasi-monotheistic beliefs into ancient Egypt, replacing the traditional religion. Akhenaten had moved both the administrative capital (Memphis) and religious capital (Thebes) to Akhetaten (modern Tel el Amarna) in Middle Egypt, a site not previously associated with any other god.
It is here that this young prince, named Tutankhaten – to honor Aten, the deity of his new religion – was born and spent his early childhood. The prince, however, ultimately did not maintain the religious movement his father introduced. He ascended the throne (around 1333 BCE), while still a child. Guided by two officials of the court, Tutankhamun restored the traditional gods and re-established Thebes as the religious capital and Memphis as the administrative centre. He also changed his name to Tutankhamun in order to direct attention to the restoration of the pantheon and the god Amun at its head. King Tut reigned for only about nine years, as he died in his late teens, but he has become famous the world over because his tomb was uncovered in almost perfect condition. You can read about the discovery of King