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History New Jersey – Map of New Jersey Cities – The Geography of New Jersey
Geography New Jersey – 10 Things about new Jersey
History New Jersey

History New Jersey

Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa. The pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains. Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers that reached New Jersey. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers, swamps, and gorges.

New Jersey was originally settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape being dominant at the time Europeans arrived. The Lenape were loosely organized groups that practiced small-scale agriculture (mainly based on corn) in order to increase their largely mobile hunter-gatherer society in the region surrounding the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, and western Long Island Sound. The Lenape society was divided into matrilinear clans that were based upon common female ancestors. These clans were organized into three distinct phratries identified by their animal sign: Turtle, Turkey, and Wolf. They first encountered the Dutch in the early 17th century, and their primary relationship with the Europeans was through fur trade.

Colonial history of New Jersey

European colonialization of New Jersey started soon after the 1609 exploration of its coast and bays by Sir Henry Hudson. Part of the state was settled by Dutch and Swedish as New Netherland and New Sweden. In 1664 the entire area was surrendered to the English, and given its name. With ratification of the Treaty of Westminster in 1674, they formally gained control of the region until the American Revolution.

The Native Indians of New Jersey were the Abnaki, Malecite, Passamaquoddy and Pennacook

1524    The Spanish Giovanni da Verrazzano (1485-1528) explores the Jersey coast for the French
1609    Henry Hudson (1565-1611) English explorer and navigator discovered Newark Bay and establishes the Dutch colony of New Netherland

1638    Swedish settlement led by Peter Minuet starting the the New Sweden Colony
1655    The Dutch defeat the Swedes on the Delaware, ending the New Sweden Colony. Delaware becomes a part of New Netherland

1660    The Dutch establish Bergen
1664    The British take control of New Jersey from the Dutch
1676    New Jersey Colony is divided into East Jersey and West Jersey
1702    East and West Jersey combined into one colony
1721    William Trent establishes Trent’s Town
1746    Princeton University founded
1756    1756 – 1763: The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.

For additional facts and information about Colonial America refer to the New Jersey Colony
1775    1775 – 1783 – The American Revolution creates the United States of America. The Revolution was due to the British burden of taxes and total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies. George Washington led the American victory over Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War (American War of Independence). Timeline of Wars

1776    July 4, 1776 – United States Declaration of Independence
1778    July 10, 1778 – France declares war against Britain and makes an alliance with the American revolutionary forces

1783    September 3, 1783 – The Treaty of Paris is signed by the victorious United States and the defeated Great Britain

1787    Statehood – The Date that New Jersey was admitted to the Union – December 18, 1787. Constitution – New Jersey was the 3rd State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto – ” Liberty and Prosperity ”

1803    The Louisiana Purchase – In 1803, the United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France. The U.S. Secretary of State, James Madison paid 15 million dollars for the land

1812    1812 – 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America’s Independence

1859    John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War.

1861    1861 – 1865: The American Civil War. outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.

1865    The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1865    1865 December 6 – The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery

1865    The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1898    1898-1901 The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.

10 Things about new Jersey

The first organized baseball game was played in Hoboken, NJ  in 1846.
New Jersey’s State House is the second oldest still in use. (Maryland has the oldest.)
New Jersey was known as the “Pathway of the Revolution.” Over 100 battles were fought on New Jersey soil.
New Jersey has more horses per square mile than any other state. The United States Equestrian Team is headquartered in Gladstone , NJ.
The properties in the United States version of the board game Monopoly are named after the streets of Atlantic City.
The first state to sign the Bill of Rights.
New Jersey is one of only two states (along with Oregon) where self-service filling of gasoline is prohibited.
The first professional basketball game was played in Trenton, NJ in 1896.
New Jersey has 127 miles of coastline on the Atlantic Ocean.
New Jersey is home to more than 9,800 farms covering 790,000 acres of farmland.

Geography New Jersey

New Jersey is bordered on the north and northeast by New York (parts of which are across the Hudson River, Upper New York Bay, the Kill Van Kull, Newark Bay, and the Arthur Kill); on the east by the Atlantic Ocean; on the southwest by Delaware across Delaware Bay; and on the west by Pennsylvania across the Delaware River.

New Jersey can be thought of as five regions, based on natural geography and population. Northeastern New Jersey, the Gateway Region, lies within the New York City Metropolitan Area, and some residents commute into the city to work. Northwestern New Jersey, or the “Skylands”, is, compared to the northeast, more wooded, rural, and mountainous. The “Shore”, along the Atlantic Coast in the central-east and southeast, has its own natural, residential, and lifestyle characteristics owing to its location by the ocean. The Delaware Valley includes the southwestern counties of the state, which reside within the Philadelphia Metropolitan Area. The fifth region is the Pine Barrens in the interior of the southern part. Covered rather extensively by mixed pine and oak forest, it has a much lower population density than much of the rest of the state.

The Geography of New Jersey

Longitude / Latitude     Longitude: 73° 53′ 39″W to 75° 35’W
Latitude: 38° 55’N to 41° 21′ 23″N

Length x Width     New Jersey is about 150 miles long and 70 miles wide.

Geographic Center
Explanation     The geographic center of New Jersey is located in Mercer County, 5 miles SE of Trenton.
Longitude: 74° 33.5’W
Latitude: 40° 4.2’N
Borders     New Jersey is bordered by New York on the north and by the Delaware Bay and Atlantic Ocean on the south. On the east, New Jersey is again bordered by the Atlantic Ocean. On the west, New Jersey is bordered by Delaware Bay and Pennsylvania.
Total Area     New Jersey covers 8,722 square miles, making it the 47th largest of the 50 states.
Land Area     7,419 square miles of New Jersey are land areas.
Water Area     1,303 square miles of New Jersey are covered by water.
Highest Point     The highest point in New Jersey is aptly named High Point at 1,803 feet above sea level.
Lowest Point     The lowest point in New Jersey is at the Atlantic Ocean; sea level.
Mean Elevation     The Mean Elevation of the state of New Jersey is 250 feet above sea level.
Major Rivers     Delaware River, Hudson River
Major Lakes     Lake Hopatcong

Map of New Jersey Cities

This Map of New Jersey is provided by The Smart-Travelersm as public service. In addition, each City Page provides Route Planning, Mapping and Real-time Local Information including Traffic, Weather, Local Alerts, Gas Prices & RoadWay Assistance across North America.

Map New Jersey
Map New Jersey


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